Presenting the Speech
Goal: Build empathy with audience
Vocal Quality (table on 307)
- Volume -- check for audience feedback to see if your voice is
- Pitch -- Key: Vary it! Take your normal voice, and ensure
you insert highs and lows to variance.
- Rate -- How quickly should you speak? Take homes:
- Ensure that stress doesn't make your rate increase so much that
you're difficult to understand.
- Vary rate in a manner similar to your pitch: Make the speech's
sound engaging, not just your content.
- Pauses -- Again, moderation. Watch out for "vocalized
pauses" with ums and uhs.
- Articulation and Enunciation
- Articulation: sounds within words
- Enunciation: Ability to pick apart your words as words.
"Whaddya mean?" shows poor enunciation. "What do you mean?" is
- Pronunciation -- Doesn't matter if you articulate and enunciate
if those sounds don't match the words!
- Inflection -- like 5, but for full sentences.
- Physical appearance -- In this class, simply don't let it be
distracting. For "the real world" remember that clothing and
grooming [arguably] make the speaker.
- Remember to build positive ethos.
- How do you approach the podium or speaking location from your
- Clothes straight?
- GUM OUT?!!?
- Movement during the speech
- Gestures -- usually your hands' body language.
- Your book goes into overkill mode with anticipation step
- implementation step
- and relaxation step
- Facial expression
- eye contact and audience size
- eye contact with notes
- issues with speaking before a camera (pretend there is none in
Modes of presentation
- Extemporaneous -- "prepared and rehearsed but is neither written
out nor memorized..." (322)
- Say it out loud
- Simulate your final speech environment