Ch 12 Presenting the Speech

Goal: Build empathy with audience

Vocal Quality (table on 307)

  1. Volume -- check for audience feedback to see if your voice is reaching them
  2. Pitch -- Key: Vary it!  Take your normal voice, and ensure you insert highs and lows to variance.
  3. Rate -- How quickly should you speak?  Take homes:
    1. Ensure that stress doesn't make your rate increase so much that you're difficult to understand.
    2. Vary rate in a manner similar to your pitch: Make the speech's sound engaging, not just your content.
  4. Pauses -- Again, moderation.  Watch out for "vocalized pauses" with ums and uhs.
  5. Articulation and Enunciation
    1. Articulation: sounds within words
    2. Enunciation: Ability to pick apart your words as words.  "Whaddya mean?" shows poor enunciation.  "What do you mean?" is good enunciation.
  6. Pronunciation -- Doesn't matter if you articulate and enunciate if those sounds don't match the words!
  7. Inflection -- like 5, but for full sentences.

The body

  1. Physical appearance -- In this class, simply don't let it be distracting.  For "the real world" remember that clothing and grooming [arguably] make the speaker.
  2. Remember to build positive ethos.
    1. How do you approach the podium or speaking location from your seat?
    2. Clothes straight?
    3. GUM OUT?!!?
  3. Movement during the speech
  4. Gestures -- usually your hands' body language.
    1. Your book goes into overkill mode with anticipation step
    2. implementation step
    3. and relaxation step
  5. Facial expression
    1. eye contact and audience size
    2. eye contact with notes
    3. issues with speaking before a camera (pretend there is none in this class)
    4. Animation/ethusiam

Modes of presentation

  1. Impromptu
  2. Memorized
  3. Manuscript
  4. Extemporaneous -- "prepared and rehearsed but is neither written out nor memorized..." (322)

  1. Outline
  2. Mental
  3. Say it out loud
  4. Simulate your final speech environment